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Research Insights: Bioinformatics

Priyanka Aswal


Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field that develops methods and software implements for understanding biological data. As an interdisciplinary field of science, bioinformatics, computer science, statistics, mathematics, and engineering to study and process biological data. Bioinformatics has become a paramount part of many areas of biology. In experimental molecular biology, bioinformatics techniques such as image and signal processing sanction extraction of utilizable results from immensely colossal amounts of raw data. In the field of genetics and genomics, it avails in sequencing and annotating genomes and their observed mutations. It plays a role in the text mining of biological literature and the development of biological and gene ontologies to organize and query biological data. It plays a role in the analysis of gene and protein expression and regulation. Bioinformatics tools aid in the comparison of genetic and genomic data and more generally in the understanding of evolutionary aspects of molecular biology. At a more integrative level, it helps analyze and catalogue the biological pathways and networks that are an important part of systems biology. In structural biology, it aids in the simulation and modeling of DNA, RNA, and protein structures as well as molecular interactions.


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