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History of Low Back Pain during Previous Pregnancy Had an Effect on Development of Low Back Pain in Current Pregnancy Attending Antenatal Care Clinic of University of Gondar Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia

Eskedar Abebe, Kshtrashal Singh, Mulat Adefires, Mueez Abraha, Hailay Gebremichael, Rahul Krishnan


Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common disorders associated with pregnancy. It often causes considerable physical dysfunction, poor work performance and absenteeism. Despite this problem, evidence found in attempting magnitude and associated factors are scarce in Ethiopia. Objective of this study is to assess the associated factors and prevalence of low back pain among pregnant women’s who are attending antennal clinic. A total of 300 pregnant women were interviewed using structured questionnaire. Systematic random sampling procedures were used to select pregnant women who were attending the ANC clinic during the study period. Logistic regression was used to analyze the data. A 95% confidence interval with p<0.05 was taken to assess association between variables. Of 300 pregnant women, 101(33.2%) experienced low back pain during their current pregnancy. Less than half (30.7%) of the pregnant women began experiencing low back pain during the third trimester. A history of low back pain (AOR= 3.65 CI 95%:1.76, 7.56) and LBP during previous pregnancy (AOR= 2.29 CI 95%:1.02, 5.12) were significantly associated with low back pain during current pregnancy. One third of the pregnant women complained low back pain during current pregnancy. History of low back pain and low back pain during previous pregnancy were factors significantly associated with low back pain during current pregnancy. Comprehensive assessment and appropriate management, especially in the presence of back pain, should be considered during Antenatal visit by the care providers.

Keywords: Low back pain, Antenatal care, Pregnancy

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