Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

A Comprehensive Reviewon Therapeutic Potentials ofPatha (Cissampelos pareira Linn.) from Classical Texts of Ayurveda

Suman Singh, K. Nishteswar, B. R. Patel



Patha is one of the widely used medicinal plants since Vedic period. In classical texts, the plant is also cited as an edible leafy vegetable apart from its medicinal properties. Patha is indicated in the treatment of various disease conditions as a single drug and as an ingredient of many compound formulations. In the present review, comprehensive review of Ayurvedic classical plant Patha has been carried out from 25 Nighantus (lexicons) and 8 Chikitsagranthas (Compendia). It is observed that, about 60 synonyms were coined in classical texts of Ayurveda, for describing the morphological characters and pharmacological propertiesof Patha. The drug has been placed under25 different Varga (groups of plants) like, Guduchyadi varga(6)Pippalyadi varga(4), etc. Patha has beenattributed with Katu-tikta rasa, Ushna virya, Laghu-tikshna guna and Kaphapittaharaproperties according to majority of classical texts. In referred 8 compendia, about434 compoundformulations of Pathawere observed. Maximum number of formulations are found in Vangasena Samhita (149) followed by Bhaisjyaratnavali (148), Vrindamadhava (119), Gadanigraha (79). 409 formulations were indicated internallyand 23 were used for external application in number of conditions like Atisara, Grahani, Arsha, Jwara, Kushtha, etc. All these formulations were used in 17 different dosage forms. Kwatha (145) is the frequently used dosage formfollowed by Choorna (107) andGhrita (48).

Keywords:Ayurveda, Cissampelos pareira Linn, Kwatha, Menispermaceae, Patha

Cite this Article

Suman Singh, K. Nishteswar, B.R. Patel. A Comprehensive Review on Therapeutic Potentials of Patha (Cissampelos pareira Linn.) from Classical Texts of Ayurveda. Research & Reviews: A Journal of Pharmacognosy. 2017; 4(1): 17–35p.

Full Text:



  • There are currently no refbacks.