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The HbA1C Values Used in Diagnosis of Diabetes in India—A Review

Omkar Kadhane, Usha Mukundan



Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic metabolic disorder associated with retinopathy, nephropathy, cardiovascular disorder and other lethal complication of organ system. It has huge burden globally and expected to grow more in upcoming years; with alarming presence in epidemic proportions in countries like India and China. India currently faces challenges to handle the potential burden of DM which demands accurate and precise diagnosis by various clinical parameters. Since 2009, HbA1c was recommended as diagnosis of DM and management of related complications. Still in India, fasting plasma glucose (FPG), post-meal glucose and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) are commonly used, due to unregulated diagnostic sector and lack of awareness. However, combination of FPG, OGTT and HbA1c are reported by laboratories having adequate facilities. In depth studies on impact of laboratory quality and education of physicians, healthcare providers, pathologist may improve harmonisation and quality of patient care in DM in India.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus (DM), HbA1c, hyperglycemia, fasting plasma glucose (FPG), oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)

Cite this Article

Kadhane O, Mukundan U. The HbA1C Values Used in Diagnosis of Diabetes in India—A Review. Research & Reviews: A Journal of Bioinformatics. 2016; 3(3): 15–19p. 


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